CHAPTER XLVI – Revelation 启示录 21:9-14 – 新耶路撒冷 THE NEW JERUSALEM

启示录的信息 The Message of the Book of Revelation by Rev. Carpus Yip 葉華牧師 / Bilingual Edition  ( 简体中文 Simplified Chinese  and English).

CHAPTER XLVI

新耶路撒冷 (Revelation 启示录 21:9-14)
THE NEW JERUSALEM

全新的天地对我们活在旧天地的人来说,是相当难明白的。 所以 约翰也只能说,再没有海、没有眼泪、死亡、悲哀、哭号、疼痛。这都 是我们今世不想有的东西,那时候再没有了。新天新地是怎样的,没有 人讲得清楚。但我们说,再没有坏人、坏事,再不用流眼泪,再没有痛 苦死亡,那已经是很好的了。其实可能有更多非常好的事物,是我们想 象不出来的。所以圣经讲到将来的事,都只能用预表、象徵,没有办法 具体地描写出真实的情况。
It is very difficult for us who live in the old heaven and the old earth to understand the new heaven and the new earth. Therefore, John could only describe it by saying that there will be no more sea, no more tears, death, sorrow, crying or pain. Those are the things that we do not want to have in this life, and we won’t have those things then. What will the new heaven and the new earth be like? No one can describe it to us clearly. But we can say that there will not be any evil-doers, bad things, crying, pain or death. Without any of those things, it is already a good thing. There might actually be many more things which we can hardly imagine. That is why when the Bible talks about things in the future, it can only use symbolisms. There is no way to describe those things concretely.

 

新耶路撒冷并不是我们所认识的城市,也不能用今日城市的眼光来 看它,因为它代表一种全新,人未曾见过的东西。神要用旧的名字、人 所熟悉的名字来告诉我们,新耶路撒冷是一个新的平安城,比旧的城好 得太多的新境界、新生活、新结构。现今我们生活在其中的这世界,要 彻底把它从我们的脑海里面拿走,然後运用我们的想像空间,根据这里 几个描写她的代名词,去了解这个未来天国的特点。
The new Jerusalem is not the city that we already know. We cannot visualize the new Jerusalem by comparing it to today’s city because it represents an entirely new thing that people have never seen before. God uses the old name, a place that we are familiar with, to tell us that the new Jerusalem is a new city of peace. This new city is much better than the old one, it is a new realm, a new life, a new structure. For those of us who live in this world, we have to erase the old world completely from our minds and use our imagination together with all the descriptive words to understand the characteristics of the future kingdom of heaven.

羔羊的妻
THE WIFE OF THE LAMB

9拿著七个金碗盛满末後七灾七天使中,有一位来对我说:「 你到这里来,我要将新妇,就是羔羊的妻,指给你看。 」
9 One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.”

这里特别提那位有重要身份的天使,是那负责後面七灾,拿著七个 金杯,就是那七个金香炉的天使之一。他是在圣所供职的天使,从至圣 所直接听神命令出来办事的。天使带著约翰看这位新娘,就是新耶路撒 冷。在婚筵之後正式称为羔羊的妻、基督的配偶。
An angel with a very important position is mentioned here. He is the one who had the seven golden bowls full of the seven last plagues. He is the angel who holds an office in the sanctuary, he is the one who receives orders from God from the Holy of Holies. The angel showed John the bride, which is the new Jerusalem. The one who would become the wife of the Lamb after the wedding banquet, Christ’s spouse.

 

新约圣经把教会看为是贞洁的童女,是基督的未婚妻,等候祂来迎娶。犹太人的结婚习俗是先定婚,等候结婚日。今天教会是基督的未婚 妻,这完全是寓意的讲法,指基督将与教会完全成为一体。犹太人结婚 的日期完全由新郎决定,他只给一个大概的时间,未婚妻也不知道确实 的日期,时候近就要天天都作好準备。就像主耶稣要回来迎接教会,这 被提的日子,我们也只是知道大概的日期,有地震、有天灾、也有打仗 饑荒,各种大风暴出现,就知道日期近了。
The New Testament regards the church as a virgin who is pure, as Christ’s fiancee who waits to welcome Him. The marriage customs of the Jewish people is to first get engaged and then wait for the day of the wedding. Today, the church is Christ’s fiancee, it is totally metaphorical, until in the future Christ becomes one body with the church. The marriage date in Jewish tradition is set by the groom, he would just give an approximate date, the fiancee does not know the exact date, when the time of the wedding date approaches, she has to be prepared. It is similar to when the Lord Jesus comes to take the church with Him, the date of the rapture. We only know an approximate date; when we see earthquakes, natural disasters, wars and famines, storms of great magnitude, then we know that the time is near.

 

圣经里有应验了的预言作我们评估的参考,像但九章的七十个七, 前面六十九个七,都準确应验,後面那七年也一定就是七年。
The Bible also tells us about the fulfillment of the prophecy to have as reference, like the seventy sevens of Daniel chapter 9. The first sixty nine sevens have been fulfilled accurately, so the last seven years will definitely be seven years.
天上七年的婚筵,地上七年的大灾难都已过去,未婚妻变了妻子, 在天上有了圆满的结婚程序。羔羊的妻从神那里由天而降,这是用基督 新妇做教会的象徵与预表。教会有很多个象徵或预表,正如基督有很多 个名字、象徵与预表一样。
A 7-year wedding banquet in heaven, 7 years of great tribulation on the earth had already happened; the fiancee has become the wife after a wedding ceremony in heaven. The wife of the Lamb descends from heaven from God, this is symbolized with Christ as the groom of the church. The church has many symbolisms, just as Christ has many names. They all represent something.

 

圣城耶路撒冷
JERUSALEM, THE HOLY CITY

 

10我被圣灵感动,天使带我到一座高大的山,将那由神那 里从天而降的圣城耶路撒冷指示我。
10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God.

 

启示录里面有两个城,有两个妇人。巴比伦城名意是混乱的城,与 耶路撒冷平安的城作一个对比。两个城的结局不同。巴比伦称为淫妇, 是坐在众水之上,拥有许多地上资源的,是富有的,受世人所尊重的, 有世界上荣耀的淫荡教会。巴比伦处在世界各国中间,与他们打交道。 新耶路撒冷从天上从神那里降下来,是纯洁、光明、美丽的,是全心全 意忠於基督的,没有说她有人的荣耀,但她肯定有神的荣耀。
In Revelation there are two cities and two married women. The city of Babylon, a city of chaos, and in contrast , Jerusalem, the city of peace. The ending of both cities is different. Babylon is called a prostitute, she sits on many waters, it possesses many resources all over the world, she is wealthy and esteemed by the people of the world, it has a church that is lustful and has the world’s glory. Babylon sits in the midst of many nations and has dealings with them. The new Jerusalem comes from heaven, from God, she is pure, bright, beautiful, she is wholeheartedly loyal to Christ, it doesn’t say that she has the glory of the people but she definitely has the glory of God.

 

约翰被圣灵感动时,纔看见这一个异象,表明这不是现在人人可以 看见的城。现在人人都可以看见地上的耶路撒冷。但新耶路撒冷是要 有属灵的眼光纔看得见。
John was able to see this vision only through the Holy Spirit, which means that it is not a city that everyone can see. At present, many people can see the Jerusalem that is in this world but the new Jerusalem can only be seen with spiritual insight.

这个称为「天国」的新圣城,却不是在天上,乃是从天上降下来的。 圣经里面常提到的「天国」,使人误会我们将来都活在「天堂」里,所以很 多人都这样说:「信耶稣,上天堂。」其实在将来的新天新地中,我们都 活在地上,因为这个新城将会从天而降,神要与人同住,神的帐幕也设 在人间。
This new city that is called “the kingdom of heaven”, is not in heaven but it descends from heaven. The “kingdom of heaven” that is often mentioned in the Bible makes people have the wrong impression that we will be living in “heaven” in the future, that is why many people say: “If you believe in Jesus, you will go to heaven.” Actually, in the new heaven and the new earth, we will all be living on the earth, because this new city will come down from heaven, God wants to live together with His people, and God’s tent will be among His people.

 

光辉荣耀的城
A RADIANT AND GLORIOUS CITY

 

11城中有神的荣耀,城的光辉如同极贵的宝石,好像碧玉, 明如水晶。
11 It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal.

 

这城第一个特色,是非常光亮、非常荣耀,因为神在其中,根本就 不再需要灯光、日光。下一段我们纔再专门看这城的荣耀。
The first characteristic of this city is that is very radiant, very glorious, because God is among it, it does not need any lights or sunshine. In the next section we will see the glory of this city.

 

完美的教会
THE PERFECT CHURCH

 

12有高大的墙,有十二个门。门上有十二位天使,门上又 写著以色列十二支派的名字。
12 It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.
十二是教会会众的完全数。这两章描写新圣城的经文中,出现多次 十二之数,十二个门、十二天使、十二支派、十二根基、十二使徒,还 有十二宝石、十二珍珠。下一章的生命树结十二样果子。所以十二这数 字,成了新圣城最重要的数字。
The number twelve represents the whole church, all the members of the church. The number 12 appears many times in the scriptures describing the new Holy city in these two chapters: 12 gates, 12 angels, 12 tribes, 12 foundations, 12 apostles, 12 precious stones and 12 pearls. The tree of life in the next chapters gives 12 kinds of fruits. Therefore, the number 12 is the most important number of the new Holy City.

 

她就是神的计划中最完全的教会。十二使徒、十二支派都有不完全 的地方。但十二支派仍然存在。教会不完全的地方,由神自己补满、圣 灵补足,人失败的地方,靠著神支持而得胜。大卫犯人人鄙视他的罪, 姦淫、借刀杀人,但他是追求满足神心意的圣徒,神喜悦他,藉著他做 了天国里很多大事,甚至这天国也算是大卫王国的延续。人做不到的事 情,原来神都做到了。现在不完美、有瑕疵,以为是不够漂亮的教会, 原来用超越时间的眼光来看,神早以使她成为纯洁完美的羔羊之妻了。
She is the perfect church in God’s plan. The 12 apostles and the 12 tribes were not perfect. But the 12 tribes were still present. God Himself and the Holy Spirit make perfect the imperfections of the church. The failures of a person can be overcome with the help of God. David committed sins that people despised: adultery, murder, but he was a saint who was after God’s heart and God was pleased with that and through him God did greats things for the kingdom of heaven, it was so that this kingdom of heaven was the continuation of David’s kingdom. The things that people cannot accomplish, God can. Now she might not be perfect, she might have flaws, thinking that the church is not beautiful enough, but when we look beyond time, God has actually made her perfect and pure, the wife of the Lamb.

 

永恒的天国
THE ETERNAL KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

 

13东边有叁门,北边有叁门,南边有叁门,西边有叁门。
13 There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west.

十二城门,东南西北各叁个城门,很方便也很自由的进出。而且下文看见,城门不关闭。无论是古代、现代,都没有见过这种事的,门就 是要关起来的,网站要密码,公司要證件,海关要护照,没有一处是自 由进出的。表示那时候与现在完全不同。那时那地再没有存心想犯罪的 人,因为那里所有人都在今世经历过罪恶的可怕,也没有新出生的人, 他们都会珍惜这种美好、自由、安全的生活。
Twelve city gates, three on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west, very easy and convenient to go in and out of the city. Later on we will see that the gates will not need to be shut. Never in the history of the world has this been seen; doors need to be locked, websites need passwords, companies need credentials, customs needs passports, there is no place in this world where people can go in and out freely. This means that the future will be completely different from the present. There the people will not want to commit crimes, because they had already experienced the horrible consequences of sin in this world, there will not be any newborns either. They will all treasure their new life of safety, goodness and freedom.

 

东南西北四个方向都有,那时仍然有时间、空间的存在。人复活之 後,得到新的身体,就像耶稣复活一样。祂本来会坏的身体变了发亮的 身体,仍然活在时间、空间里面的永远,不是静止,像佛教徒所想的涅盘。只有丢到火湖里的撒但与所有跟从者,纔进入静止、没有活动,没 有时间、空间的存在。
The four directions will still exist: North, south, east and west. Time and space will still exist. After the people resurrect from the dead and get their new bodies, they will be like Jesus when He resurrected from the dead. His corruptible body changed into a body that shone brightly, He still lived in time and space yet eternally, not like what Buddhists believe that people would exist in nirvana. Only Satan and his followers, those who will be thrown into the lake of fire will be in stillness, inactivity, outside of time and space.

 

这时空的活动,也不像天使的方式。有些人根据耶稣回答撒都该人 的问题,将来人复活之後,像天使一样,没有婚嫁。以为人都变成天使 了。其实祂只是说,再没有婚姻的需要。在神的设计,婚姻与性关係, 主要是为了繁衍後代。到那时,人数已经有数不尽的多,而且再没有人 死亡,就没有繁衍後代的需要了,婚姻的关係就变了没有意义。但也不 是说没有了爱慕、喜悦之情,只是没有了婚姻关係。那时真是尽情享受 爱,而没有情慾的烦恼。那是一个完美的天地、甜蜜的世界。
We will not be like angels either. Some people think that we will all become like angels because when the Sadducees were questioning Jesus about the resurrection of the dead, He said to them: “When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.” Actually, Jesus just wanted to explain to them that people will not be getting married anymore. In God’s plan, marriage and sexual relations is only for the purpose of procreation. In the future, the population would have been numerous enough; besides, there will not be any death, so there would not be any need to procreate or for marriage. But that doesn’t mean there will not be any love, or things to admire, it is just that there will be no marriages. You will enjoy love but there will not be any lust. It will be a perfect heaven and earth.
十二使徒为根基
THE TWELVE APOSTLES AS FOUNDATIONS

 

这新的圣城有城门,有高大的墙,城墙有根基,有不同的宝石。所 有这些东西,都有代表性,代表天国不同的人物。
The new Holy City had city gates, city walls with foundations, and different kinds of precious stones. All these things represent something, they represent different people.

 

14城墙有十二根基,根基上有羔羊十二使徒的名字。
14 The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

 

根基是12使徒。圣经说,耶稣基督是房角石,我们的信仰,建立 在使徒和先知的根基上(弗2:20)。神的启示透过使徒传给我们,成为坚固的根基。我们大家的信仰都一致,只接受从使徒传来的信仰。各时代 都有人自称是神的代言人,全部都信,信仰的根基就乱。
The 12 apostles are the foundations. The Bible says that our belief is built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus Himself as the chief cornerstone. (Ephesians 2:20). God’s revelation is given to us through the apostles thus being a firm foundation. We all have the same belief, which we received from the apostles. During the different eras, there have always been someone who says that he is God’s spokesman, if everyone believed what those people said, the foundation of our faith would be a mess.

 

这不是城的根基,是城墙的根基,是维繫保护这城平安的根基。这叫和平之都,里面的人都有同一信仰而得到和平。
They are not the foundations of the city but of the city walls and their purpose is to maintain and protect the peace of the city. The capital of peace, inside the people have one faith; therefore, there is peace.

 

使徒时代过後,第一世纪之後,再没有新的启示放在圣经里。其他 的人无论多伟大,言论多精彩,都不能放在圣经里面。只有亲自从基督传出来的,纔算是神的启示。
After the time of the apostles, after the first century had passed, no new revelation has been added to the Bible. The words of other people, no matter how great they are cannot be included in the Bible. Only that which came from Christ personally is to be considered revelation from God.

 

高大的墙
THE TALL CITY WALLS

 

第二世纪开始有很多护教、护道的伟大圣徒出现,组成了这坚固的 墙保护信仰,一直到末世基督再来为止。他们虽然不是根基,但也是高 大城墙的一部份。後面说,他们都会有碧玉一样的荣耀。
During the beginning of the second century, there arose many great saints who continued to build this strong wall to protect the faith until the end of the world when Christ will come again. Even though they are not the foundation, they are part of the tall city wall. Further on, it said that they will also have glory like jasper.

十二支派
TWELVE TRIBES

 

门上写著十二支派名字,表示这救恩的大门,本来从以色列开始, 今天仍有些神学家坚持以色列与教会分开,是两个不同的团体,不同的 结局。从这段经文看,好像得救要信犹太教。其实在新耶路撒冷,不单 有十二支派的名字,也有十二使徒的名字。明显是新约旧约两个教会合 一。当然十二支派也不一定是指肉身以色列,保罗已经说过,那些有亚伯拉罕信心的人,纔是真以色列人。以色列人的後裔,有很多人反而没 有得救,不算得是以色列人。
The names of the twelve tribes of Israel were written on the gates, which indicates that this great gate of salvation originally started from Israel. Today, there are still some theologians who insist that Israel and the church are separate, that they are two separate entities, and that they will have a different ending. From this passage, it seems to be saying that in order to be saved, one has to believe in the Jewish religion. Actually, in the New Jerusalem the names of the twelve tribes are written as well as the names of the twelve apostles. Clearly, the New Testament and the Old Testament church is one. Of course the twelve tribes does not necessarily refer to the corporeal body of Israel, Paul already said, those who have Abraham’s faith are the real Israelites. On the other hand, many descendants of Israelites are not saved, they are not considered to be Israelites.

 

再後面说,城是精金的,街道也是精金的,整个城,基本上是精金 组成的。这代表其馀我们这些属於主的信徒们,每一个都像一块金砖。 彼得说,像一块活石,活的金石,大家紧密联繫在一起,组成这个新圣 城耶路撒冷,就是我们的家。
Later on it says, the city is of pure gold, the streets are also of pure gold, the entire city is made of pure gold. This means that all of us who belong to the Lord, each one of us are like a piece of gold. Peter said, like a living stone, a living gold stone, everyone united closely to each other, being a part of this Holy City, the New Jerusalem, which is our home.

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